Timeline of same-sex marriage in the United States Two men celebrate their marriage in the United States. Civil rights campaigning in favor of marriage without distinction as to sex or sexual orientation began in the s. Nelson , the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled that denying marriage licenses to same-sex couples did not violate the U. On appeal, the United States Supreme Court denied to hear the case, establishing it as a federal precedent as it came from a mandatory appellate review.
The issue did not become prominent in U. Lewin that declared that state's prohibition to be unconstitutional. However at the same time, many states also passed bans against same-sex marriage, either legislatively or by referendum.
Department of Public Health six months earlier. President to publicly declare support for the legalization of same-sex marriage. Windsor that federal law could not treat as unequal, marriages that individual states had created as equally valid, when it overturned a key provision of the Defense of Marriage Act DOMA , thus forcing federal recognition of same-sex marriage and marriage-related benefits when related to a same-sex marriage performed by a state that sanctioned such marriages. In the two years following Windsor, U.
Constitution , while two U. The flow of federal appeal cases rejecting same-sex marriage bans was finally interrupted in November In contrast to all other circuits that had ruled at the time, the Sixth Circuit ruled such bans to be constitutional.
The panel ruling reversed six U. On January 16, , the U. Supreme Court agreed to hear four cases, on appeal from the Sixth Circuit, on whether states may constitutionally ban same-sex marriages or refuse to recognize such marriages legally performed in another state.
Hodges Ohio , Tanco v. Haslam Tennessee , DeBoer v. Snyder Michigan , and Bourke v. Decided by the court under the heading of Obergefell on June 26, , in a judgement authored by Justice Anthony Kennedy , the Supreme Court reversed the Sixth Circuit's upholding of state bans and declared that the Court's rulings must evolve in the light of better understanding of discrimination and the constitutional protections available to protect individuals of a minority sexual orientation, and that same-sex couples have the constitutional rights to marry and to have their marriages recognized.
Polls have shown that support is identical among whites and Hispanics, while support for same-sex marriage trails among blacks.
Same-sex marriage supporters make several arguments in support of their position. Gail Mathabane likens prohibitions on same-sex marriage to past U. Virginia in , which struck down all state bans on interracial marriage in the United States, issued a statement on the 40th anniversary of ruling in that said: I believe all Americans, no matter their race, no matter their sex, no matter their sexual orientation, should have that same freedom to marry I am still not a political person, but I am proud that Richard's and my name is on a court case that can help reinforce the love, the commitment, the fairness and the family that so many people, black or white, young or old, gay or straight, seek in life.
I support the freedom to marry for all. That's what Loving, and loving, are all about. The "red equals sign" project started by the Human Rights Campaign was an electronic campaign primarily based on Facebook that encouraged users to change their profile images to a red equal sign to express support for same-sex marriage.
Opposition to same-sex marriage is based on the beliefs that homosexuality is unnatural and abnormal, that the recognition of same-sex unions will promote homosexuality in society, and that children are better off when raised by opposite-sex couples. The funding of the amendment referendum campaigns has been an issue of great dispute. Both judges   and the IRS  have ruled that it is either questionable or illegal for campaign contributions to be shielded by anonymity.
President Obama's views on same-sex marriage have varied over the course of his political career and become more consistently supportive of same-sex marriage rights over time. In the s, he had supported same-sex marriage while campaigning for the Illinois Senate. For me as a Christian, it is a sacred union. You know, God is in the mix. He opposed a federal constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage. He still said the legal question belonged to the states. But, as you know, courts have always been strategic.
There have been times where the stars were aligned and the Court, like a thunderbolt, issues a ruling like Brown v. Board of Education , but that's pretty rare. And, given the direction of society, for the Court to have allowed the process to play out the way it has may make the shift less controversial and more lasting.
Shortly after winning the election , President Donald Trump said he's "fine" with same-sex marriage and believes it to be settled law: It was settled in the Supreme Court. I mean, it's done. Hodges, in which he said he's personally for "traditional marriage" and that he believed same-sex marriage should be left to the states.
Several of his federal appointments have also, subsequently, announced they will uphold same-sex marriage and enforce the Supreme Court ruling, while still, in some cases, personally opposing same-sex marriage,  namely Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos.
Bush and his wife former First Lady Barbara Bush have served as witnesses to a same-sex wedding, but neither has publicly stated whether this means they support same-sex marriage in general;  George W. Bush reportedly offered to officiate the same wedding,  but has similarly not made a public statement regarding his position on the issue as president, he was opposed. I wish on a federal level that that's where we would go because I don't support gay marriage.
I believe that Thomas Jefferson said: Hodges1 Same-sex marriage legal Same-sex marriage ban overturned, decision stayed indefinitely Same-sex marriage banned where federal circuit court has found similar bans unconstitutional Same-sex marriage banned Same-sex marriage legality complicated 1 Native American tribal jurisdictions have laws pertaining to same-sex marriage independent of state law. The federal government recognizes same-sex marriages, regardless of the current state of residence.