February 2, Sounds like extortion to me with the law behind the extortion. A registrant has already paid their dues to society once they are out of state custody. But the registry forces them to continue their service to the state as a free citizen.
Not only do registrants must service the state via the registry, but they also have to pay to maintain the registry. Some of that portion of the fee is also diverted to other programs. Wait, so someone else is making money off of registrants? This is stated in the article and that many other states that do charge registrants stated this fact as well.
In law, a fine is a punishment. A fee is a payment, in other words, a fine. The second offense would be a class B misdemeanor. The registry was applied once you were convicted of a crime. You received punishment AND the registry. A free person can walk away from any service job and the only consequence would be a loss of wage or job. For a registrant, it started once you were convicted. There is no compensation for this service as a free citizen.
It varies per state, but in CA, there is only one term. Are you forced into service, including under penalty of law? Remember Jim Crow laws and how ashamed as a country we were to have ever been in that situation? Look at what the country is doing to free US Citizens once again. Tried to compare it slavery conditions. So when the Constitution states that involuntary servitude is prohibited unless to punish a crime, then I interpret that as forced service is prohibited unless to punish a crime.
If you were convicted of a crime and paid your punishment dues, then you have completed with your involuntary service to the state.
Any other imposed service is deemed unconstitutional by law. For example, if you were under probation, then you lived in the street, but had to follow rules set before you by the courts and check-in with your probation officer, including going out of state. If you violate any terms set by the court any time on your probation period, then you will be punished. How is that any different from the current registry aside from frequency? The courts set rules for you to follow still.
You check in with your local PD, at least once a year. You are subjected to compliance checks. If you plan on travelling for work or leisure to another state for an extended period of time that you will have to register in that state, then you will have to inform state. If you plan on travelling to another country, then you have 21 days to inform your state. You violate any rules and restrictions set by the state, then you will be punished. This is on a free citizen. Any other free citizen who violates these same conditions would not be punished.
Any other free citizen with a conviction not a sex offense who violate these same conditions would not be punished.
A fee is a fine. A fine is punishment.