The girls were less likely to state that they ever had sex than adolescent boys. Among boys and girls who had experienced sexual intercourse, the proportion of girls and boys who had recently had sex and were regularly sexually active was the same. Girls were thought to be more restricted in their sexual attitudes; they were more likely than boys to believe that they would be able to control their sexual urges.
Girls had a more negative association in how being sexually active could affect their future goals. In general, girls said they felt less pressure from peers to begin having sex, while boys reported feeling more pressure.
When asked about abstinence , many girls reported they felt conflicted. They were trying to balance maintaining a good reputation with trying to maintain a romantic relationship and wanting to behave in adult-like ways. Boys viewed having sex as social capital. Many boys believed that their male peers who were abstinent would not as easily climb the social ladder as sexually active boys.
Some boys said that for them, the risks that may come from having sex were not as bad as the social risks that could come from remaining abstinent. In a sample of fifteen year olds from 24 countries, most participants self-reported that they had not experienced sexual intercourse. Girls typically think of virginity as a gift, while boys think of virginity as a stigma. Because of this, they often expected something in return such as increased emotional intimacy with their partners or the virginity of their partner.
However, they often felt disempowered because of this; they often did not feel like they actually received what they expected in return and this made them feel like they had less power in their relationship. They felt that they had given something up and did not feel like this action was recognized. The girls who viewed virginity as a stigma did not experience this shaming.
Even though they privately thought of virginity as a stigma, these girls believed that society valued their virginity because of the stereotype that women are sexually passive. This, they said, made it easier for them to lose their virginity once they wanted to because they felt society had a more positive view on female virgins and that this may have made them sexually attractive.
Thinking of losing virginity as part of a natural developmental process resulted in less power imbalance between boys and girls because these individuals felt less affected by other people and were more in control of their individual sexual experience.
Desire, satisfaction and sexual functioning were generally high among their sample of participants aged 17— Additionally, no significant gender differences were found in the prevalence of sexual dysfunction. Other common problems included issues becoming erect and difficulties with ejaculation. Generally, most problems were not experienced on a chronic basis. Common problems for girls included difficulties with sexual climax orgasm Most problems listed by the girls were not persistent problems.
However, inability to experience orgasm seemed to be an issue that was persistent for some participants. However, many girls engaged in sexual activity even if they did not desire it, in order to avoid what they think might place strains on their relationships. Even when girls said they did feel sexual desire, they said that they felt like they were not supposed to, and often tried to cover up their feelings.
This is an example of how societal expectations about gender can impact adolescent sexual functioning. These factors affect girls and boys differently. These factors were not listed as affecting boys as much.
The researchers suggest that maybe this is because not only are some religions against same-sex attraction, but they also encourage traditional roles for women and do not believe that women can carry out these roles as lesbians. Schools may affect girls more than boys because strong emphasis is placed on girls to date boys, and many school activities place high importance on heterosexuality such as cheerleading.
She found that some girls, when faced with the option of choosing "heterosexual", "same-sex attracted" or "bisexual", preferred not to choose a label because their feelings do not fit into any of those categories.
Further about the research, They found that students, especially girls, who were verbally abused by teachers or rejected by their peers were more likely than other students to have sex by the end of the Grade 7. The researchers speculate that low self-esteem increases the likelihood of sexual activity: Girls with a poor self-image may see sex as a way to become 'popular', according to the researchers". Adolescents have relatively poor access to health care and education. With cultural norms opposing extramarital sexual behavior "these implications may acquire threatening dimensions for the society and the nation".
By far, the best predictor of whether or not a girl would be having sex is if her friends were engaging in the same activities. For those girls whose friends were having a physical relationship with a boy, In urban areas, Better indicators of whether or not girls were having sex were their employment and school status. Girls who were not attending school were It has been argued that they may rebel against this lack of access or seek out affection through physical relationships with boys.
While the data reflects trends to support this theory, it is inconclusive. More urban girls than rural girls discussed sex with their friends. Those who did not may have felt "the subject of sexuality in itself is considered an 'adult issue' and a taboo or it may be that some respondents were wary of revealing such personal information.
From the HIV rates to the contemplations of teen parenthood in America, Houston depicts a society in which America and the Netherlands differ. Most Dutch parents practice vigilant leniency,  in which they have a strong familial bond and are open to letting their children make their own decisions. Gezelligheid is a term used by many Dutch adolescents to describe their relationship with their family. The atmosphere is open and there is little that is not discussed between parents and children.
Parents, Teens, and the Culture of Sex discusses in her book how the practices of Dutch parents strengthen their bonds with their children. Teenagers feel more comfortable about their sexuality and engage in discussion with their parents about it. A majority of Dutch parents feel comfortable allowing their teenagers to have their significant other spend the night. Sexually active adolescents are more likely to believe that they will not contract a sexually transmitted infection than adults. Adolescents are more likely to have an infected partner and less likely to receive health care when an STI is suspected.
They are also less likely to comply with the treatment for an STI. Coinfection is common among adolescents. The goal of the pediatrician is for early diagnosis and treatment. Early treatment is important for preventing medical complications and infertility. Prevention of STIs should be a priority for all health care providers for adolescents. Shows featured a variety of sexual messages, including characters talking about when they wanted to have sex and how to use sex to keep a relationship alive.
Some researchers believe that adolescents can use these messages as well as the sexual actions they see on TV in their own sexual lives. Girls felt they had less control over their sexuality when they saw men objectifying women and not valuing commitment. The study discussed the risk of women internalizing this message and spreading the idea that it is okay to be weak and answer to men all the time. They were comfortable setting sexual limits and therefore held more control over their sexuality.
Findings for boys were less clear; those who saw dominant and aggressive men actually had less sexual experiences. Research showed that teens who viewed high levels of sexual content were twice as likely to get pregnant within three years compared to those teens who were not exposed to as much sexual content.
The study concluded that the way media portrays sex has a huge effect on adolescent sexuality. Teenage pregnancy Adolescent girls become fertile following the menarche first menstrual period , which normally occurs between age 11 to After menarche, sexual intercourse especially without contraception can lead to pregnancy. The pregnant teenager may then miscarry , have an abortion , or carry the child to full term.
Pregnant teenagers face many of the same issues of childbirth as women in their 20s and 30s. However, there are additional medical concerns for younger mothers, particularly those under 15 and those living in developing countries.
For example, obstetric fistula is a particular issue for very young mothers in poorer regions. For example, sub-Saharan Africa has a high proportion of teenage mothers whereas industrialized Asian countries such as South Korea and Japan have very low rates.