Repubblica Ceca — The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a nation state in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78, square kilometres with mostly temperate continental climate and it is a unitary parliamentary republic, has The Czech Republic includes the territories of Bohemia, Moravia.
In , the duchy was formally recognized as part of the Holy Roman Empire, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century. The Czech country lost the majority of its German-speaking inhabitants after they were expelled following the war, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the elections. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until the Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed, on 6 March , the Czech Socialistic Republic was renamed to the Czech Republic.
On 1 January , Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. The UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development, the Czech Republic also ranks as the 6th most peaceful country, while achieving strong performance in democratic governance.
It has the lowest unemployment rate in the European Union, the traditional English name Bohemia derives from Latin Boiohaemum, which means home of the Boii. The country has traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia in the west, Moravia in the southeast, and Czech Silesia in the northeast.
Francia — France, officially the French Republic, is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. France spans , square kilometres and had a population of almost 67 million people as of January It is a unitary republic with the capital in Paris. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until , France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years War strengthening state-building and political centralisation.
During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a colonial empire was established. The 16th century was dominated by civil wars between Catholics and Protestants.
France became Europes dominant cultural, political, and military power under Louis XIV, in the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in Following liberation in , a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War, the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in and remains to this day.
Algeria and nearly all the colonies became independent in the s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic. France has long been a centre of art, science. It hosts Europes fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, France is a developed country with the worlds sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity.
In terms of household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, France remains a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state.
It is a member state of the European Union and the Eurozone. Venus Awards — Prizes are offered in some 30 categories and there are live strip stage shows with topless bull riding, oil wrestling and simulated live sex. The International Venus Fair for October 16—19, had attendance figures of around 40, 4. Internet Movie Database — In it became a subsidiary of Amazon Inc, who were then able to use it as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. As of January , IMDb has approximately 4.
Although all data is checked before going live, the system has open to abuse. The site also featured message boards which stimulate regular debates and dialogue among authenticated users, IMDb shutdown the message boards permanently on February 20, Anyone with a connection can read the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a name for themselves, and is given a profile page.
Actors, crew, and industry executives can post their own resume and this fee enrolls them in a membership called IMDbPro. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, producer, director etc. Enrolling in PRO for industry personnel, enables those members the ability to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as the ability to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page.
Anyone can register as a user, and contribute to the site as well as enjoy its content, however those users enrolled in PRO have greater access and privileges. IMDb originated with a Usenet posting by British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham entitled Those Eyes, others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own. Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, the goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible.
By late , the lists included almost 10, movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17,, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, at the time, it was known as the rec. It is a joint project of national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center.
The project transitions to a service of the OCLC on April 4,, the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together, a VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary see and see also records from the original records, and refers to the original authority records.
The data are available online and are available for research and data exchange. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol, the file numbers are also being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata.