Oliver Reed had his international film career launched by Hammer, for whom he gave powerful performances in movies like The Curse of the Werewolf , Paranoiac and The Damned.
His final Hammer horror film appearance was in Scars of Dracula in Thorley Walters was a well known comedy actor in British films who played semi-comic supporting roles in Hammer movies such as The Phantom of the Opera and Frankenstein Created Woman.
As a consequence of the contract with Robert Lippert, American actor Brian Donlevy was imported for the lead role and the title was changed to The Quatermass Xperiment to cash in on the new X certificate for horror films. In fact, someone will almost certainly have been sick. We must have a great deal more restraint, and much more done by onlookers' reactions instead of by shots of 'pulsating obscenity', hideous scars, hideous sightless faces, etc, etc.
It is keeping on and on in the same vein that makes this script so outrageous. They must take it away and prune. I have a stronger stomach than the average for viewing purposes and perhaps I ought to be reacting more strongly.
The Curse of Frankenstein[ edit ] Main article: They eventually entered talks with Associated Artists Productions a. During this period, two young American filmmakers, Max J. Rosenberg and Milton Subotsky , who later established Hammer's rival Amicus , submitted to a.
Although interested in the script, a. Eliot Hyman however, sent the script to his contact at Hammer. Rosenberg would often claim he 'produced' The Curse of Frankenstein, an exaggeration repeated in his obituary. Although the novel by Mary Shelley was long since in the public domain , Anthony Hinds was unsure about the story, as Subotsky's script adhered closely to the plot of the Universal film Son of Frankenstein , featuring a second-generation Baron Frankenstein emulating his father, the original monster-maker.
This put the project at risk of a copyright infringement lawsuit by Universal. In addition a great deal of polishing and additional material was needed, as the short script had an estimated running time of just 55 minutes, far less than the minimum of 90 minutes needed for distribution in the UK.
Accordingly, comments on the script from Hammer's Michael Carreras who had joined his father James as producer in the early s were less than complimentary: The number of set-ups scripted is quite out of proportion to the length of the screenplay, and we suggest that your rewrites are done in master scene form.
Not only did the script contain horror and graphic violence, but it would be portrayed in vivid colour. Concerned that Subotsky and Rosenberg's script had too many similarities to the Universal films, Hinds commissioned Jimmy Sangster to rewrite it as The Curse of Frankenstein. Sangster's treatment impressed Hammer enough to rescue the film from the 'quickie' treadmill and to produce it as a colour film.
Sangster submitted his script to the BBFC for examination. Audrey Field reported on 10 October I am afraid we can give no assurance that we should be able to pass a film based on the present script and a revised script should be sent us for our comments, in which the overall unpleasantness should be mitigated.
Until The Curse of Frankenstein, horror films had not shown blood in a graphic way, or when they did, it was concealed by monochrome photography. In this film, it was bright red, and the camera lingered on it. The film was an enormous success, not only in Britain, but also in the USA, where it inspired numerous imitations from, amongst others, Roger Corman and American International Pictures with their series largely based on Edgar Allan Poe — the so-called "Poe Cycle".
It found success on the European continent also, where Italian directors and audiences were particularly receptive. Dracula film The huge box office success of The Curse of Frankenstein led to the inevitable desire for a sequel in The Revenge of Frankenstein , and an attempt to give the Hammer treatment to another horror icon.
Dracula had been a successful film character for Universal in the past, and the copyright situation was more complicated than for Frankenstein. Meanwhile, the financial arrangement between a. Hammer began looking for alternatives, and with the success of The Curse of Frankenstein signed with Columbia Pictures to distribute The Revenge of Frankenstein and two films from the defaulted a.
Hammer's financial success also meant the winding-down of the parent film distribution company Exclusive, leaving Hammer to concentrate on filmmaking. Audrey Field commented on 8 October Certainly strong cautions will be necessary on shots of blood. And of course, some of the stake-work is prohibitive. Universal was not interested,  and the search for money eventually brought Hammer back to a.
On 20 August the Daily Cinema reported: Prince of Darkness , released in All were to be filmed in colour at Bray Studios, by the same team responsible for The Curse of Frankenstein and Dracula. The Mummy the title used for the remake of The Mummy's Hand, which also incorporated significant story elements from that film's sequel, The Mummy's Tomb was made in , The Phantom of the Opera followed in , and Hammer collaborated with William Castle on a remake of The Old Dark House in The Invisible Man was never produced.
Principal photography for The Mummy began on 23 February and lasted until 16 April The Mummy went into general release on 23 October and broke the box-office records set by Dracula the previous year, both in Britain and the U.