According to the report by the United Nations Office on Crimes and Drugs for the period —, South Africa was ranked first for rapes per capita. Similarly, The South African demographic and health survey of gave results of rape prevalence at 4. Provinces of South Africa There are deviations in sexual violence rates in different provinces of South Africa. In , the region of Gauteng accounted for the largest percentage of prisoners in custody for sexual offences with The province with the least percentage of prisoners convicted of sexual offences was Northern Cape with 3.
The South African Crime Survey  highlights the regional differences of citizens' perceptions and fears. Surveying what type of crime respondents thought occurred most in their area of residence, While the Northern Cape had the largest percentage of respondents who believed rape to be most prevalent, the province of KwaZulu-Natal had the least with 1. Averaging all provinces, rape ranked 7th in the crime that respondents thought was most prevalent, after housebreaking , property theft , robbery , murder , livestock theft, and assault.
This survey also investigated what type of crime respondents feared most in their area. Rape ranked third in this category after only murder and housebreaking. On the other side of the spectrum, Types[ edit ] Violence against women[ edit ] The South African government reports that one of these reasons is the culture of patriarchy in South Africa.
Its report states that patriarchy is firmly rooted in Black culture and fighting it is seen as attempting to destroy South African tradition or South African ideals. Virgin cleansing myth A street sign in South Africa, appealing to men not to rape children in the belief that it will cure them of AIDS.
South Africa has some of the highest incidences of child and infant rape in the world. The largest increase in attacks was against children under seven.
A trade union report said a child was being raped in South Africa every three minutes. A third of the cases are committed by a family member or close relative. In October , a 9-month-old girl named Tshepang was raped by an HIV-positive man and had to undergo extensive reconstructive surgery in Cape Town. One has been charged. The infant has required extensive reconstructive surgery. The 8-month-old infant's injuries were so extensive, increased attention on prosecution has occurred. Corrective rape Lesbians in certain parts of South Africa also face a dangerous environment.
Raping lesbians a practice referred to as corrective rape is believed to convert them to heterosexuality. Stigmatization of male victims was said to be the cause of low reporting rates for corrective gay rape. Another group's survey estimates that one in five adult males become victims of sexual offences, and this figure could be much higher as a male is 10 times less likely to report a sexual violation than a woman. Sexual violence in prisons is linked to gang violence and its power structures, and inmates who are sexually abused are targets for repeated abuse, and usually are victimized again and again.
Survivors of prison rape have told that officials in the country are of the opinion that "[males should] expect this treatment in prison". The Medical Research Council states, "Many forms of sexual violence, particularly sexual harassment and forms of sexual coercion that do not involve physical force are widely viewed as normal male behaviour. Men from ages 20—40 are more likely to have raped than younger or older men.
According to the Human Rights Watch ,  girls from all levels of society and ethnic groups have been subjected to sexual violence at school in bathrooms, empty classrooms, dormitories, and more.
Police, prosecutors, and social workers have also complained that many incidents of sexual violence in schools are not reported to them because schools often prefer to deal with it internally, thus hindering justice against the perpetrators.
The danger of sexual violence in schools has created a barrier for girls to seek education. The Bill of Rights in the Constitution of South Africa sets to ensure rights of all of the people in South Africa with the democratic values of human dignity, equality and freedom.
It reported about how the Truth and Reconciliation Commission offered a platform for the voices of victims of violence and sexual violence during the Apartheid. It also reported details on the Judicial Authority of South Africa, where the lower courts are responsible for important issues such as sexual assault and family violence.
The comprehensive act looks to review and amend all laws dealing with sexual offences and strengthening them. The preamble of the amendment calls to scrutinize the problem in South Africa, noting that the problem "is reflective of deep-seated, systemic dysfunctionality in our society".
The amendment defines sexual violence as including, but not limited to, the following forms: