It is the condition where the patient suffers from uncontrollable leakage of feces from the anus, which in severe cases lead to complete loss of bowel movement. There are several symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment process and preventive measures for this problem of anal leakage or leaky anus which are summarized here under. Symptoms of Anal Leakage or Leaky Anus The signs or symptoms of anal leakage vary from person to person.
However, some of the common symptoms associated with leaky anus include: Pain and discomfort in the anal area. Feeling like passing bowel even after bowel movement. Altered bowel movement like diarrhea and constipation. Though in simple terms anal leakage results in leaking of rectal contents, the fluid and mucus passing through the buttocks area may not always originate from the anus. Some of the causes associated with such problem include: Bacterial diarrhea triggers the occurrence of anal leakage or leaky anus in patients.
Damage to the Sphincter: There can be subsequent damage to the muscles in the lower rectal area, called the sphincter muscles, due to post prostrate or rectal surgery, trauma to the anal region, damage post giving birth, adverse effects from radiation treatment and many other reasons. Any damage to sphincter muscles can cause the problem of leaky anus.
Neurological Problems Causing Anal Leakage: There can be several reasons for nerve damage such as diabetic neuropathy , multiple sclerosis , spinal cord injury and stroke. The habit of straining during the pushing out of bowels can lead to nerve damage causing sphincter dysfunction which in turn can lead to anal leakage. Due to irregular bowel movement and constipation, the colon and rectum muscles become overstretched and weak, leading to leakage of stool from the anus.
Rectal Prolapse as a Cause of Leaky Anus: Due to severe damage to the rectal muscles, there is a tendency of it being protruded out through the anus leading to leakage of clear liquid. There are other reasons for the occurrence of such problem as well such as anal cancer, rectal stiffening, keriorrhea, piles and others which can be cured only with proper medication.
Diagnosis of Anal Leakage or Leaky Anus The tests performed in case of anal leakage depend on the circumstances of the case. The physician will require a list of the medical history of the patient, such as diet and exercise routine and cases of digestive disorders. Several tests also need to be conducted and several questions asked by the doctor are— Frequency of incontinence When did such complication start?
Is there any warning or urge?