Early years[ edit ] Fat feminism and the related fat acceptance movement originated in the late s during which second-wave feminism took place. During the late 60's and 70's, activists such as Sara Fishman, Dr. In , Fishman and Freespirit released Fat Liberation Manifesto in which they opposed size discrimination as sexism. Their movement was met with mixed reactions during the 60's, the same decade when very thin models figures became fashionable.
Some of the feminists, such as Gloria Steinem and Jane Fonda , who were active during the decade believed that removing traits of "femaleness" was necessary to gain entrance to a male-dominated society.
More organizations and publications against size discrimination were founded. The first issue of Radiance: The Magazine for Large Women was published in Clothing brands and fashion magazines were founded during this time that targeted a plus-size audience.
Fat feminists continued to sue diet programs for fraudulent claims. However, the popularity of the diet industry did not wane as it was boosted by the fitness boom during the s.
Due to the rain, her plan failed, and the celebration was held indoors instead. In many American feminist groups joined in and 25 states participated in INDD's second annual celebration. International No Diet Day continues to be observed on May 6 each year. In , the California Supreme Court ruled in favor of Toni Cassista who filed a lawsuit against Community Foods, a store in Santa Cruz, California when she was not hired because of her size.
This put an end to work discrimination based on weight in the state of California. During the 90s the zine movement, the riot grrrl movement, and the Fat Liberation movement converged for many young activists, resulting in the publication of numerous fat feminist zines.
Among these publications were Fat! PPPO grew to include other members and worked as a collective until publishing their zine series, Double Double. Nomy Lamm was named by Ms. Magazine as a "Woman of the Year" in , "For inspiring a new generation of feminists to fight back against fat oppression.
The fat acceptance blogosphere has been dubbed the "fatosphere"  and has enjoyed some positive publicity in mainstream publications. Kate Harding and Marianne Kirby, who are prominent fat bloggers, released a co-written self-help book in called "Lessons from the Fat-o-sphere: Quit Dieting and Declare a Truce with Your Body", which has 27 chapters devoted to different topics, including body positivity , health at every size , and intuitive eating.
In Linda Bacon conceived the Health at Every Size belief system, which rejects dieting and the weight-based paradigm of health. This has been adopted by many fat feminists. Beth Ditto, frontwoman of punk band The Gossip , who is vocal about fat acceptance, attained celebrity in the mids with the popularity of her band's album Standing in the Way of Control , which has raised awareness of the movement.
A Twitter user posted a picture of him dancing and another photo of him looking upset, captioning the photos with "caught this specimen dancing last week, he stopped when he saw us laughing.
The Don'tHateTheShake videos posted all over social media, were about both fat men and women stripping down to their undergarments and dancing to upbeat music as if they were at a dance club. This was created by Melissa Gibson, but has gained traction because of Megan Jayne Crabbe, who spreads body positivity all over social media to her large follower count.
Crabbe has recently published a book about body positivity, that has yet to be published in the United States, called Body Positive Power .
Intersections with other forms of feminism[ edit ] Many of the authors in Shadow on a Tightrope: Writings By Women on Fat Oppression are lesbians, and many were involved in lesbian feminism. Fat women of color have a different experience than fat white women because of their intersectional experiences of not only size discrimination and misogyny, but racism as well.
People of color in general, overweight or not, are portrayed negatively in television shows, movies, and even major news channels.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message Women of color experience fatness and the body positivity movement different from white women due to their experiences with racial oppression on top of fatphobia.
Williams, women of color often do not view being fat as being synonymous with being unattractive. Weight Watchers, Nutrisystem, DetoxTea, surgical weight loss options, are all tailored towards individuals to lose weight, which is also what fat feminists and body-positive activists are completely against.
Brown, author of Fat Oppression and Psychotherapy, examines that being fat isn't unhealthy. The standards that we hold over-weight individuals to, is what's unhealthy for these individuals.
Bulimia, anorexia, depression, anxiety, etc. May Learn how and when to remove this template message There are many reasons why people consider fat to be a feminist issue. First, the marginalization women feel simply due to their gender can affect their eating habits in a negative way. Second, the intersection of obesity with race and socioeconomic status represents concerns in regards to environmental policy issues.
Relating to this second reason is the idea that women, particularly women of color, are generally more likely to be obese than men because of things such as child rearing and a lack of access to fresh produce and goods. In addition, the mere idea of becoming fat has caused many women to develop an eating disorder that is sometimes detrimental or life altering. Moreover, women may over eat in an attempt to avoid being an object of the male gaze by making them more invisible to men's desires.
Lastly, the intersectionality of being fat and being a woman is at the heart of fat feminism because discrimination and prejudice often occur as a result of gender and body type. The points above that connect fatness to feminism revolve around the varying experiences that body type can produce when combined with socioeconomic status, race, gender, sexual orientation , and many other identities.