Chastity In most cultural, ethical, and religious contexts, sex within marriage is not considered to be contrary to notions of chastity.
Some religious systems prohibit sexual activities between a person and anyone other than a spouse of that person, as have, in the past, legal systems and societal norms. In such contexts, sexual abstinence was prescribed for unmarried individuals for the purpose of chastity. Chastity has been used as a synonym for sexual abstinence, they are similar but with different behavior and restrictions.
Legal issues[ edit ] In some countries any sexual activity outside marriage is illegal. Such laws are mostly tied to religion and the legal and political traditions within the particular jurisdiction. Laws differ greatly from country to country. Honor killing and Stoning In some parts of the world, men, women, boys or girls suspected of having premarital sex or homosexual sex can become victims of honor killings committed by their families.
You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page. February Main article: Abstinence-only sex education Abstinence-only sex education is a form of sex education that teaches abstinence from sex, and often excludes many other types of sexual and reproductive health education, particularly regarding birth control and safe sex.
Education programs which focus exclusively on abstinence have hardly been shown to delay sexual activity. Comprehensive sex education , by contrast, covers the use of contraceptives as well as abstinence. Most nations of Western Europe use more comprehensive measures, and in sharp contrast to the heated discussion in the U.
However, recent studies conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, showed ineffectiveness of this program. This program is focused to provide teenagers with science-based information on sexual health, so that they can make a sound decision regarding their sex-life. Bush administration expanded abstinence programs from teens to adults, by introducing programs to encourage unmarried adults to remain abstinent until marriage.
The study randomly assigned some middle-school students to an eight-hour abstinence curriculum and others to sex-ed programs that included contraceptives and mixed messages. Penn researchers found that the abstinence-only offering reduced subsequent sexual activity by one-third more than other programs.
However, a review of 13 U. Movements such as True Love Waits in America, which ask teenagers to refrain from sex before marriage, are heavily subscribed, but surveys of sexual behavior indicate an increase in the popularity of oral sex.
Kinsey believed that abstinence was a sexual dysfunction: Unwin was a British ethnologist and social anthropologist at Oxford University and Cambridge University. Joseph Unwin wrote several books including Sex and Culture, In Sex and Culture Unwin studied 80 primitive tribes and 6 known civilizations through 5, years of history and found a positive correlation between the cultural achievement of a people and the amount of sexual restraint which they observed.
The author finds that the most culturally successful groups always exhibit lifelong monogamous relationships which include sexual abstinence outside of marriage. Celibacy is required for some religious orders like Jainism Lifelong or at least long-term abstinence, often associated with philosophical or religious asceticism , is distinguished from chastity before marriage.
Abstinence is often viewed as an act of self-control over the natural desire to have sex. The display of the strength of character allows the abstainer to set an example for those not able to contain their "base urges". At other times, abstinence has been seen as a great social skill practiced by those who refuse to engage with the material and physical world.
Some groups and teachers that propose sexual abstinence consider it an essential means to reach a particular intellectual or spiritual condition, or that chastity allows one to achieve a required self-control or self-consciousness.
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March Learn how and when to remove this template message Some religions regard chastity as a virtue expected of faithful adherents. This usually includes abstinence from sex for the unmarried, and fidelity to a marriage partner. In some religions, some groups of people are expected to remain unmarried and to abstain from sex completely.
These groups include monks , nuns , and priests in various sects of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity. Chastity is required of the respective sacerdotal orders. The Shakers , on the other hand, impose chastity in the form of celibacy for all members, even forgoing procreation such as the case with the castration cult.
Most Christians teach that sexual intercourse is meant to take place within the context of marriage , and that sexual abstinence is the norm outside of that. But for married couples, Paul of Tarsus wrote that they should not deprive each other, except for a short time for devotion to prayer.
Sexual intercourse within marriage is considered chaste when it retains the twofold significance of union and procreation. The Methodist Church teaches that "Although all persons are sexual beings whether or not they are married, sexual relations are only clearly affirmed in the marriage bond. But even then, in accordance with the teaching of the Apostle Paul, periods of abstinence are encouraged among married couples.
Traditionally, Orthodox spouses abstain from physical relations on Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays the eves of Great Feasts and throughout the four lenten periods Great Lent. However, some churches, such as the United Church of Christ , are "liberal in their approaches, believing that individuals must decide for themselves how to express their sexual nature. March Learn how and when to remove this template message The Indian tradition of Brahmacharya places great emphasis on abstinence as a way of harnessing the energy of body and mind towards the goal of spiritual realization.
The blending of sexual and spiritual is portrayed in Hindu iconography, as seen in ubiquitous phallic and vaginal iconography in Hindu temples and for instance in the Kharjuraho and Konarak medieval temples, where thousands of couples having sex in endless positions, and with the gods, are carved in deep bas-relief. However, these depictions of sex are not generally understood to be a license for free sexual practices, but are instead meant to celebrate procreation as an integral part of existence in the universe.
In actual practice, there is a strong societal taboo against pre-marital sex for both males and females, which still exists today in Hindu cultures. March Learn how and when to remove this template message Islam forbids intercourse outside of marriage zina. However, maintaining celibacy as an act of piety is not recognized, while marriage for all who are able is strongly encouraged. Abstinence is practiced during the time of a woman's menstruation.
Abstinence from sexual intercourse is also practiced from dawn to dusk during days where fasting is observed. Also in the time of Hajj people are not allowed to have sexual relationships, because their body has to stay pure while performing pilgrimage. For those Jains who adopt the path of monks, celibacy in action, words and thoughts is expected. For lay Jains who are married, the virtue of brahmacharya requires remaining sexually faithful to one's chosen partner fidelity. For lay Jains who are unmarried, chaste living requires Jains to avoid sex before marriage.
For a lay Jain, it represents a virtuous lifestyle devoid of constant sexual urges, that also includes simple living, meditation and other behaviors. Abstinence in Judaism Judaism forbids intercourse outside marriage which is termed znut or promiscuity , but has no ideal of chastity. Within marriage abstinence is also required during and following a woman's menstruation.
The husband is not allowed to deprive sex from his wife, even if she is not fertile known as mitzvat onah.